Polska wersja
NOTICE
Please keep in mind that every single key shortcut can be edited to suit your own fantasies, by editing the eu07_input-keyboard.ini file located in the root folder of MaSzyna.
This includes defining keys that are currently unassigned! The below file is written using the default key-function map.
Link to the key list.

Please also keep in mind that the simplest way to start up a vehicle, is to use the AI to start it for you, and then to stop the AI (in the right moment) - AI on: Shift+q, AI off: q

Index
Electric locomotives
Oerlikon FV4a driver's valve
Knorr H14K1 driver's valve
MHZ_K5P driver's valve
MHZ_6P driver's valve
ET22-2000 series
"Czapajew" - ET42
Electric locomotives with inverters
Dragon (E6ACT)
Electric Traxx (E186)
Electric multiple units
EN57 with the inverters
Impuls
Elf
Diesel-electric locomotives
Diesel Traxx (BR285)
6Dg
ST45
Diesel-mechanical locomotives
SN61
Shunting engine SM03
Trolleys

STARTING AND DRIVING AN ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVE

Description applies to all electric locos which can be found in the Simulator (EU07, EP07, EP08, EP09, ET21, ET22 [also the ET22-2000_v2 version], EP05, EU05, ET40, ET41, ET42, EU04, 181). The difference between individual locomotives is generally the brake valve, which is described in more detail further down. At the end, we also have descibed the changes in the controlling of the ET22-2000 and the ET42.

Choosing the direction of travel - Setting the reverser
d Reverser forward
r Reverser backward
Attention: If the reverser is in the "Forward" position, in order to go backwards, you need to press the r key twice. The same applies in the other direction.

Starting the locomotive
j turns on the battery
The CA/DSD buzzer will turn on, use SPACE to turn it off. ATTENTION! Prior to this the reverser has to be set into either of the directions, by using either the d or r keys.

Raising the panthographs
p/o Raises the front or the rear panthograph. Exceptions are:
In case of the 181, 182, EP05, EU05, ET40 you will have to use a selector switch: Shift+p and Shift+o (selector switch to the next position / previous position) instead of the keys in the previous line. List of the positions: None, rear, both, front pantograph(-s) raised.
In the case of the EP08 you will need to select the pantograph(s) in the engine room first, p the front pantograph,o the rear pantograph, and then (in the cab) raise the selected pantograph(s) Ctrl+Shift+o (or lower them Ctrl+o)
In the case of the ET41, you will have to select the pantograph(s) to use in both unit's enginerooms! - p - front or o rear one, and only then you can raise/lower the selected in the cab Ctrl+Shift+o - raise, Ctrl+o - lower.

WARNING!
If the pantographs do not raise due to insufficient pressure in the main reservoir (main res.), go into the engineroom End, isolate the pantograph reservoir (pant. res.) from the main res. by the use of the three-way valve Ctrl+V, then turn on the auxilary compressor Shift+V. After raising the pantographs, turning on the main compressor and reaching working pressure in the main res., it is necessary to reconnect the pant. res. with the main res. Ctrl+V, otherwise the pantographs will come down, due to the leakages in the pantograph's pneumatic system. Certain locomotives have a main circuit breaker triping valve pressure set higher than the pantograph raising pressure. If you have the voltage on the main circuit, but the main circuit breaker keeps triping, the pressure in the pant. res. needs to be increased.
Wait untill the 'WN' (HV/High Voltage) Voltmeter shows a voltage of around 3400V

In the Ex07, EP05, EP08, EP09, ET21, ET22, ET41, ET42, EN57, ED72, 181, 182: n resets the traction motor differential relay.
m engages the Main Circuit Breaker. The key needs to be pressed for a while, usually 1-2 seconds.
x turns on the Transformer.
c turns on the Main Compressor and the pressure in the Main Reservoir rises.
In a case of some locos and EMUs, like; EU07, EP09, EN57, one needs to wait before the Transformer fully turns on. Only then, the compressor can be turned on.

Sometimes, the transformer safety relay might trip. You will need to turn the transformer off. and press Ctrl+n.
When the pressure in the Main Reservoir reaches 7 Athmospheres, you have to fill the brake pipe, by pressing Num 4 or a dedicated button.
Num 6 Running Position, wait, untill the pressure in the Main Pipe reaches 5 athmospheres
Quick Release can also be used carefully, as not to „Overcharge” the train, especially if the train includes the "Bdhpumn", "WLABd" or "Z1" carriages.

Choose the power setting (does not apply to all electric locos). High Current Range allows for higher currents to be drawn from the power station, when the motors are connected in series.
fSwitch between the 'High Start' and the 'Low Start' limit

The train heating can be turned on (does not apply to all electric locos)
h Turns on and off the train heating


The ride begins
Press Num + (on the numeric keypad) and we wait untill the contactors engage (the right lamp will light up on the console) and then we keep adding power using Num +.
Num + turn the power controller one position 'up'
Num - move the powe controller one position 'back'

These positions regulate the current,which causes the locomotive to speed up. When the right lamp goes out, that means that we are on a resistance-free position. We can increase the current by weakening the motor excitation field.
Num / increases the motor 'bypass' by one position.
Num *decreases the motor 'bypass'by one position.

ATTENTION: in some locomotives the 'bypass' is located on the power controller wheel itself. In those cases, we don not operate the 'bypass' using the Num */Num /, instead, simply, using Num +/Num -. These locos include; EP05, EU05.

Keep in mind not to go over around 650 A (in practice each loco has the Traction motor overload relay limits set slightly differently;for example the ET22 in The Sim it is 600 A) per group, since the Motor overload relay will trip. When that happens, a red lamp will illuminate on the console, and the motor current will be stopped. The Loco will cease to accelerate (unless it is down hill ;) ) To reset it, move the power controller to 0(also the 'bypass' controller too) and press n.
Num * decrease the 'bypass' by one position (hold, to go to 0)
Num - move the power controller down one position (hold to go to 0)
n reset the Motor Overcharge Relay

Whilst driving remember to reset the safety systems (the SHP and CA). When those systems activate, two red lamps illuminate. After a few seconds, if you do not reset the systems a buzzer (loud audiable alarm) will sound,and then after few seconds the Emergency Brake will activate. If that happened, wait untill the train stops, reset the SHP/CA and unbrake the train.
SPACE resets the SHP and the CA

Sometimes, we can get wheelslip. If that happens, the right lamp will light up. When we get wheelslip we can:
Shift+s use the sander (spray sand)
ENTER brake a little (loco brake cylinders are filled to a preset value)

Wheelslip is very dangerous for the loco's traction motors and we have to stop is as quickly as possible.If we don't do that, the motors may get damaged. When that happens, the Main Circuit Breaker trips and all the lamps on the console extinguish. Using F12 we check 'damage status' and if it says "Engine damaged" we go to the engine room using END orHOME and disconnect the damaged motors.
Ctrl + e Disconnect the damaged motors

Operation of the FV4a brake valve

Applies to EU07, EP07, EP08, EP09, ET21 [3e3-zez version], ET22 [including ET22-2000_v2], EP05, EU05, ET40, ET41, ET42, 181)

Num . - Quick Release
Num 6 - Running position

All position below 'Running' are braking positions.
Num 9 Push the handle forwards, decreasing the braking force
Num 3 Pull the handle backwards, increase the braking force

The positions differ by the amount of braking force they provide. The last position,'Six O'clock' is the Emergency Brake, when the Main Pipe is connected with the athmosphere.
Locos also have brakes which work only on the locomotive brakes, they are called the "Independant Brake"

Num 7 push handle, air removed from the cylinders, loco relases it's brakes.
Num 1 pull handle, filling the cylinder, loco brakes.

Operation of the H14K1 brake valve

Applies to EU04, ET21 [3e2 version]

To brake the train, it is best to use the Num 3 and Num 9 keys.
In order to brake the train, from the "Running position" Num 6 press the Num 3 three times, while the third press for around 1/2 second. Next press Num 9 - a drop of 0,5 bars should occur in the Main Pipe.
If the train is not braking strong enough press Num 3, and then quickly Num 9. Do so, untill the braking force is strong enough.
To release the brakes, set the handle into the "Quick Release, Brake Release" Num . or 3×Num 9. After the brakes are fully released the handle can then be returned to the "Running" position Num 6 lub 1×Num 3.

Operation of the MHZ_K5P driver's brake valve

Applies to the E6ACT

This brake valve controls both the pneumatic, as well as the electrodynamic braking, and has the following positions:

- _>5Bar - Quick release (Press. in the brake pipe around 7 Bar)
- B- - Decrease the braking force (Increase the pressure in the braking pipe.), also running position
- B= - Hold at the current braking force.
- B+ - Increase the braking force (Decrease the pressure in the braking pipe.)
- SOS - Emergency brake

Operation of the MHZ_6P driver's brake valve

Applies to the BR285 and the E186

This brake valve controls both the pneumatic, as well as the electrodynamic braking (only on the E186!), and has the following positions:

- _>5Bar - Quick release (Use sparingly - it's really easy to overcharge the train brake!!)
- 5 bar - Running position
- B- - Decrease the braking force (Increase the pressure in the braking pipe.)
- const - Hold at the current braking force.
- B+ - Increase the braking force (Decrease the pressure in the braking pipe.)
- SOS - Emergency brake

In case of brake overcharge (longterm increased pressure in the brake pipe (B.P.), resulting in the train brakes being on whilst brake lever is in the Running position), we place the train brake lever in the Running position Num 6, then press and hold the brake asymilation button (white, above the brake cylinder gauge.) untill the B.P. is at 6 bars. Then let go of the button, and following that, the B.P. pressure will be released very slowly, to the value of 5 bars (running pressure). Only then we can continue the drive.
This process takes over 5 minutes!

Driving the ET22-2000


Simplified operating manual - ET22 locomotive 2000 Series.

After raising the pantograph please turn on the monitor: Shift + ;
Next we do just the same as in a traditional ET22: main circuit breaker, transformer, compressor.
After releasing the brakes (brake usage and method the same as in old/unmodernised ET22) choose the travel direction - d/r.

Start up method is as follows:

1 Power controller

 Power controller has 4 positions marked: „0”, „-”, „=”, „+”.

a) „0” position — no power: motors are disconnected from the power source - no tractive effort;

b) „-” position — tractive effort decrease: when held in this position, the tractive effort is decreased;

c) „=” position — setting the tractive effort: the tractive effort is kept constant in the nearest long-term driving position;

d) „+” position — tractive effort increase: tractive effort is constantly being increased untill max tractive effort has been reached.

2 Using the power controller:

a) Acceleration: To accelerate, put the handle into the „+” position for a while and then return it to the „=” position. The vehicle will automatically choose the nearest long-term driving position.

b) Speed setting: hold the handle in the „-” position untill the choosen long-term position has been reached. If the lever returns to the „=” position occurs on a resistive position, the vehicle will automatically choose the higher long-term driving position. For example: to move to the S position from R, you need to wait untill all R and SR position have been skipped. If the handle is returned too soon, an R or SR position will be choosen instead.

c) Rolling or braking: There are two ways to start unpowered rolling: directly moving the handle to the „0” position or holding the handle in the „-” position untill the current is cut-off. Then it can be moved to the „N” position.

DRIVING THE ET42


The general driving method is the same, as with all other electric locomotives. However, certain functions characterisitic only to this series have been added.

1. Turn on the speedometer and the indicator lights.

In the real ET42 locomotive, the controls need to be turned on using a switch on the panel. Without it, the switches and the speedometer will not be powered up. To turn it on, press the 0 key.

2. Electrodynamic brake operation.

ET42 has a electrodynamic brake, but it works differently than, say, the EP09. It is operated by putting the Motor Bypass into the -1 position (using the Num * key) and then increasing the braking power by operating the power controller (Num +). If you are sure that you did everything correctly, and the locomotive still won't move when you put the power controller into the first position, go down to 0 (Num -) and press Num /. It causes the bypass switch to swithc into neutral (thus disabling the ED brake) and allows it to move.

3. Separate high and low tone horn buttons.

In the ET42, the high and the low horns are separate buttons. Low tone is operated like in the rest of the locos, using a key. However, the high tone is used by the BELL, which is connected onto the s key.

4. Changing the motor connections.

In the ET42 locomotive, the Higher Motor Current Limit does not work. Using the Shift + f keys causes the way the motors are connected to change (Series - Parallel), which helps with getting a very heavy train to start and to maintain low speed, without using the resistors. When driving on the changed connections, the power controller goes up to only the 25th position and Motor Bypass Controller> is locked out of use. To return the motor connections to normal, put the power controller to 0 ( Num - key) and press f. After carrying out the above procedure you can continue with driving the train.

STARTING AND DRIVING VEHICLES WITH POWER INVERTERS AND ASYNCHRONOUS MOTORS


This description applies only to all locomotives and EMUs that use a power inverter. Only the differences to vehicles with a resistive start are described.
Turning on the baterries usually causes the on-board computer to turn on, which displays the vehicle status and start-up gauges. The compressor is turned on automatically along with the main transformer. Don't forget to fill the brake pipe, by pressing Num 4 or a dedicated button.
Currently only the tractive effort control is implemented. The tractive effort can be changed in steps of 10%, Num + increses it by 10% and Num - decreases by 10%. In case of an EMU or a light loco-hauled train, braking is done using a electrodynamic brake Num 1 braking, while Num 7 is brake release. In case of heavier trains braking is done using the pneumatic train brake. The computer automatically keeps the tractive effort constant and eliminates any wheelslips. When standing, the parking brake is automatically applied. It is disengaged when tractive effort set to >20%.

Some other vehicles have speed controler. Desired speed can be set by Num / and Num * in steps depending on the chosen vehicle. At first, tractive effort must be set, then desired speed can be chosen. Traction effort controler's setting changes acceleration maintained by the onboard computer. Speed corrections should be made by using the speed controler. Stop the train by using the traction effort controler, as setting the speed controler to zero only turns it off.
Some vehicles instead of having speed controller levers, have a button, which limits the speed that the vehicle can travel, to the speed tht the vehicle was travelling at when it was engaged (Num / engage, Num * disengage). Stopping does not disengage the limiter!

Dragon (E6ACT)


Start up procedure:
Set the reverser forward d
Turn on the battery j
Reset the deadman's alarm Space
Raise the desired pantograph(s) - p front, o rear
Engage the main breaker when the line voltage is over 2.8kV m
Turn on the required lights - t or Shift+t
Turn on the air compressor c and wait until the main air tank pressure is at over 7 bars.
Fill the brake pipe - hold the green button under the monitor ("Luzowanie lokomotywy"), untill the brake pipe is at 5 bars.
Turn off the parking brake ("Hamulec postojowy") on the panel in the middle.

Pneumatic brake valve controler:
MHZ_K5P Brake Valve. This valve also controls the electrodynamic braking.


Locomotive brake: has the following positions:
0 - Decrease the braking force (decrease the pressure in the loco brake cylinders)
1 - Hold the given braking force (Hold the pressure ...)
2 - Increase the braking force (Increase the presure ...)
+3 ... - These positions are a direct copy of pos #2 - A deep code change is required to remove them (these positions don't exist on the real locos)


Cruise control:
You set the desired speed to certain value, and apply desired power. The cruise control system, will accelerate with said power, and use only ED braking if it's over it.

The cruise control lever has 13 positions: From [0] Cruise control off, [1] 10km/h upto the [12] 120km/h, in steps of 10km/h. Increase the position Num /, decrease the position Num *.

Electric Traxx (E186)


Start up procedure:
Set the reverser forward d
Turn on the battery j
Reset the deadman's alarm Space
Select the desired pantograph to use - p front, o rear
Raise the selected pantograph(s) Ctrl+Shift+o
Engage the main breaker when the line voltage is over 2.8kV m
Turn on the required lights - t or Shift+t
Wait until the main air tank is at over 7 bars
Fill the brake pipe Num .
Turn off the parking brake on the panel behind the driver's seat.

Pneumatic brake valve controler:
MHZ_6P Brake Valve. This valve also controls the electrodynamic braking.


Locomotive brake: has the following positions:
0 - Decrease the braking force (decrease the pressure in the loco brake cylinders)
1 - Hold the given braking force (Hold the pressure ...)
2 - Increase the braking force (Increase the presure ...)
+3 ... - These positions are a direct copy of pos #2 - A deep code change is required to remove them (these positions don't exist on the real locos)

Force controler has the following positions:
- Tmax Maximal accelarating force
- T+ Increase the accelearting force
- const Hold the accelaration force constant
- T- Decrease the accelarating force
- 0 Coasting (No accelaration or electrodynamic braking)
- EB- Decrease the electrodynamic braking force
- const Hold the electrodynamic braking force constant
- EB+ Increase the electrodynamic braking force
Cruise control:
You set the desired speed to certain value, and apply desired power. The cruise control system, will accelerate with said power, and use only ED braking if it's over it.


Lever positions and their functions:
Vmax Set the highest maximal speed (140km/h).
V+ Increase the set speed, in steps of 10 km/h.
V= Hold the set speed at current setting, cruise control on.
V- Decrease the set speed, in steps of 10 km/h.
0 Cruise control off.

Driving the EMU's

Applies to: ED72, EN57. Method of driving of the EMUs is very similar to the electric locomotive method. However, there is no separate 'bypass' lever. It is included on the power controller, as the controller moves up onto the highest positions. Additionally, when setting the reverser, it has two forward positions (twice d from initial position) to the „Forwards II” position. It allows for faster acceleration than „Forwards I”. We use it (Forw. II) mainly when we intend on going over 70-80 km/h.
In the EMUs, we additionally have the :
, Left door switch
. Right door switch
/ Door closing warning buzzer
Ctrl+/ Central door closing

ED72, EN57 - Braking method (Oerlikon electropneumatic version)


While in motion the handle should be in the "Running" position Num 6.
When we want to brake we let the air into the cylinders. We put the handle in the "EP Braking" position (Num 3 key), and then we return to "Running" position (Num 9 or Num 6). Amount of air in the cylinders, and thus the braking force depend on how long we had the handle in the "EP Braking". If we are braking too quickly, we can release some air from the cylinders, or unbrake completly. In that case move the handle into the "Releasing" position - hold the Num . key. When we stop pressing Num . the handle automatically returns into 'Running' position.

EN57 braking method (Electropneumatic Knorr version)

Only found in the EN57-001 in MaSzyna

After The Sim has started we need to unbrake the train - Num ..
While in motion the handle should be in the "EP Release, PN Running" position Num 6.
When we want to brake, we let the air into the cylinders. In order to do that we place the handle in the "EP Braking" position (Num 3 key) and we press the little lever under the handle (use the Enter key). We let go of the little lever and move the handle to the "EP Release, PN Running" position (Num 9 or Num 6). Braking force depends on the amount of time the handle (with the lever activated!!!) remained in the "EP braking". If we are braking too quickly we can let some air out, or unbrake the whole train completly. To do that we activate the little lever Enter.

Driving the asynchronic EN57s

Applies to the EN57-AKL and the EN71-AKS types only.

Turn on the battery. j
Raise the front pantograph. p
Wait for the main switch to unlock, then turn it on. m
Wait for the transformer, and then the compressor to kick in automatically, and pump up at least 5 bars.
Turn the brake option mode switch from PS to either MED, PN or EP. Ctrl+Num 8 or Ctrl+Num 2.
Fill the brake pipe - press and hold the red button on top right panel, labeled "Mostkowanie hamulca bezpieczeństwa", untill the main brake pipe is over 4.8 bar.
Release the parking brake - switch is on the lower right hand side panel, by the brake handle, labeled "Hamulec postojowy".

Description of the brake modes:
- PS (Leakage test): Brake control is not possible
- PN (PNeumatyczne): Pneumatic braking, by lowering the pressure in the brake pipe
- EP (ElectroPneumatic): EP braking directly controls the pressure in the brake cylinders
- MED: Electrodynamic + EP, first tries to achieve the desired braking force by ED brakes, then adds EP as needed.

Door control:
Doors are unlocked by the driver, and opened by the passengers, or forced open by the driver. Unlock the left Shift+,, right Shift+., after stopping by the W4 sign (not all the scenarios have a correctly set up W4 sign). To open all enabled doors, use the central door opening button, Shift+/. The doors can then be opened by the passengers, and then closed by the driver. Left side, , or right. side. However, in a case of no doors being opened, you will have to press the red "Door Close" button right next to the illuminated aqua coloured one, in order to take off. In emergency, the door locking can be disabled Ctrl+s.

Cruise control:
Cruise control ("Tempomat") limits the speed to the one at the current value. When the desired speed has been reached, press the / key (on the numeric keyboard) to lock the speed to that value. Then, even when the power is increased on the power controller, the vehicle will not speed up above the set limit. It will begin to decelerate like normal if you coast. To turn it off, press the * Num keypad key. It only turns off when done manually by the user.

Newag's Impuls

Applies to the 36Wea

Start-up procedure:
Turn on the batteries. j
Raise the pantographs. p & o
Switch the Main Switch on. m
Wait for the automatically controlled transformer and compressor to pump up the air pressure to 5 Bar.
Place the pneumatic brake lever (located under the window, on the right panel) into the DR position. Num ..
Press & hold the button under the SHP lights (in order to fil the brake pipe), untill the red light labeled "Hamowanie Awaryjne" (on the top, right panel) extinguishes.
Press the green spring brake release button.

Warning about driving:
This vehicle has a combined power/braking controller, meaning it has 3 distinct sections: Power, coasting & braking. Upon reaching the coasting section there is no lock (only a specific sound), so if you move the controller too far you will activate the wrong section!!
This controller is relatively simple in operation (in comparison to the Elf) - the first positions of each section have no force (1st running pos. only releases the station brake), but then the following position have an increase of 11%, for example: 7th running position has 66% tractive force, 3rd braking position has 22% of braking f. and so on...

Cruise control
The cruise control caps vehicle speed to the speed at which it was activated. To activate it (black button on the left of the red CA/SHP button, labeled "Tempomat") Num /, the power controller must be set to one of the Power positions! (Turn it off Num *)
Stopping does not deactive the cruise comtrol speed cap.

Door control:
- The driver sets the steps to be extended or not, by the use of a button - first grey button to the left of the left door unlock button (no key shortcut).
- The driver unlocks the doors (left Shift+, and the right Shift+.)
- The passengers open the doors, doors close automatically after some time.
- The driver (closes and) locks the doors Ctrl+/.

Warning about the door operation:
To depart, you must not only have the doors closed, but also locked - You will have to press the "Zamykanie centralne"/Central door closing buton (or use the sortcut).

Pesa's Elf

Applies to the EN62, EN76 & EN96

Start-up procedure:
Turn on the batteries. j
Raise the front pantograph (unlike in every other electric vehicle) p
Switch the Main Switch on. m
Wait for the automatically controlled transformer and compressor to pump up the air pressure to 5 Bar.
Put the pneumatic brake controller (located between the main controller and the reverser, on the right-hand side panel) in either of these positions Num 6 or Num ..
Press & hold the button, untill the brake pipe pressure (the red dial, on the top manometer) is stable at 5 bar.
Press & hold the green spring brake button, untill the light on the red spring brake button extinguishes.

Warning about driving:
This vehicle has a combined power/braking controller, meaning it has 3 distinct sections: Power, Neutral, Braking Upon reaching the neutral section there is no lock, so if you move the controller too far you will activate the wrong section!!

The power controller has the following positions:
- F+ Increase the acceleration force
- F= B- Hold the acceleration force constant or Decrease the braking force
- F- B= Decrease the acceleration force or Hold the braking force constant
- B+ Increase the braking force
- Bmax Maximal braking force
- (EB Emergency brake - This position is not implemented in MaSzyna)

Cruise control:
To activate the cruise control, press the blue "Tempomat" switch, located in the lower left central console.
It lights up the yellow push-button panel with certain speeds in the lower portion of the front console, and displays "UPZ=" line with percentage power and selected speed on the right monitor.
After you press the desired speed, the computer will proceed to accelerate/decelerate to the selected speed, using the tractive power selected by the power controller.
"OPT+" and "OPT-" buttons, increase and decrease the said power, in steps of 10%.
"+" and "-" buttons increase and decrease the selected speed, in steps of 5km/h.
Stopping does NOT deactivate the panel. Deactivation is only by depressing the blue "Tempomat" button.

Door control is by the means of impulse buttons and a selector switch, of the following positions:
- OL - Unlock the left side
- Z - Locking and closing
- OP - Unlock the right side
- OP+OL - Unlock both sides

Ctrl+Shift+< or Ctrl+Shift+> move the selector switch one position respectively left and right, and the impulse switches to open Shift+/ and close Ctrl+/ all the doors, only works on the unlocked doors. The door step extend/retract switch can also be used, however only by using the mouse.

Warning about the door operation :
In order for the drivetrain lock to release, you not only need to push the Close Doors button, you also need to place the selector switch into the closed position (Z)!!

STARTING AND DRIVING A DIESEL-ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVE

Applies to: 6Dg, SM31, SM42, SP42, SP45 , ST44 (as well as M62_mod_v1), SU42, SU45, SU46, TEM2, TEM2U

We control the Diesel-Electrics in a very similar manner as we do with the Electric locos. All (except the SM41, which uses the H14K1 valve, BR285 which have MHZ_6P valve, and the TEM2 and TEM2U use the Matrosov valve Not description available!) use the FV4a valve.

After turning on the battery j (in the BR285 we need to turn the onboard computer, 0 and the radio's screen 9), we turn on the fuel pump f (Few engines have it intergrated with the ignition), and the oil pump Shift + f.
(In the SU45, SP45 and SU46 we have to turn on the water pump w and the water heater Shift + w, and wait for it to reach 45'C.)
We hold the ignition button m until the engine is finished starting up. The main and auxiallary generator excitation is automatic. The compressor is either powered from the engine crankshaft, and so we should rev the engine to get the air faster, or it's powered electrically, and we use the switch c Don't forget to fill the brake pipe, by pressing Num 4 or a dedicated button. The power controller (wheel), increases the engine revs, and the main generator excitation, increasing the traction motor power.
In some of these locos, to move from standstill,Num + needs to be pressed twice, since the first position (1 x Num +) closes the contactors but no current flows through them. The field weakening of the traction motors is either automatic, or one-step, turned on with a button (SM42 and SP42).

In the Sx42 the Ctrl+f switches the loco into and out of the Shunt Mode, whereas in other Diesel-Electrics, it has no function. The Shunt Mode's description:

Power Controller to 0 -> Ctrl + f -> Set position using the Power Controller -> using Num / and Num * we change the field excitation.
Upto 4th position of the power controller we need to set some excitation manually, in order to move, from 5th position we can start without the excitation, but it will be slow.

Turn Shunt Mode off:
Power controller to 0 -> Ctrl + f

Diesel Traxx (BR285)


Start up procedure:
Set the reverser into the forward position d
Turn on the battery j
Deactivate the deadman's alarm Space
Turn on the computer screen 0
Turn on the radio screen 9
Turn on the engine ingnition m
Turn on the required lights - t or Shift+t
Wait until the main air reservoiur is at over 7 bars
Fill the brake pipe Num .
Turn off the parking brake on the panel behind the driver's seat.

Pneumatic brake valve controler:
MHZ_6P Brake Valve.
Locomotive brakes: As of today, this brake controller is significantly simplyfied, and does not represent the real state of controlling. In The Simulator, loco brake off position is furthest from the driver, and max loco braking is closest to the driver. Intermediate braking forces, are located equivalently in between them.

Power controler As of today, The Simulator does not contain the realistic representation of the power controller in this engine. It has a significantly simpler version - position 0 (closest to the driver) to the Max power (furtherst from the driver), and has no ElectroDynamic braking.



Cruise control:
Not yet implemented.

6Dg

Loco start up procedure:
Set the reverser into the forward position d
Turn on the battery j
Deactivate the deadman's alarm Space
Turn on the engine ignition m
Turn on the desired lights configuration - t or Shift+t
Wait untill the main air reservouir has the pressure of 7 bars
Fill the brake pipe - Hold Num . until the brake pipe pressure is at 5 bar
Release the parking brake with the green button on the console


Controller positions

- R+ - Increase the driving force
- R= - Hold the driving force
- R- - Decrease the driving force
- 0 - Neutral - 0 driving force & 0 Independant brake
- B- - Relese the independant brake pressure
- B= - Hold the independant brake pressure
- B+ - Increase the independant brake pressure

Cruise control:
Not yet implemented.

ST45

Loco start up procedure:
Set the reverser into the forward position d
Turn on the battery j
Deadman's system reset space
Turn on the engine ignition m
Turn on the desired lights configuration - t or Shift+t
Wait untill the main reservouir has the pressure of 7 bars
Fill the brake pipe - Place the train brake handle into the "Fill" position (hold Num .) until the train brake pipe pressure is at 5 bar
Release the parking brake with the switch labeled "Hamulec postojowy", under the manometers.


Controller positions

S - Increase the driving force
J - Hold the driving force
V - Decrease the driving force
BP - Instant 0 driving force
R - Instant 0 driving force

Cruise control:
Not yet implemented.

STARTING AND DRIVING A DIESEL-MECHANICAL LOCOMOTIVE



Like in a standard Diesel locomotive, the start up procedure is:
Reverser forward
Battery on
Cancel the safety system alarm
Activate the fuel pump and oil pump
Start the engine
Compress enough air (around 0.5 - 0.8 MPa)
Fill the brake pipe - Usually Num 4

SN61


Brake operation is the same, as in the case of electric locomotives with the FV4a valve.
  1. Battery on j, oil pump Shift + f and the engine ignition m. Increase the idle engine revolutions, to warm it up, and get the required air quicker.
  2. After a sucessfull start-up you can move the power controller one position up (neutral gear) and wait for the Main Reservoir to charge.
  3. Release the brakes by putting the brake into the Running position Num 6. To move the power handle needs to be moved one more position up - the locomotive will roll on a half-clutch, after reaching 7-8 km/h you can move the handle up, into normal driving positions (there are 5):
    0: Fuel cut-off
    1: Engine start
    2: Neutral gear
    3: Starting off
    4: 1. Driving position (15% of fuel dosage)
    5: 2. Driving position
    6: 3. Driving position
    7: 4. Driving position
    8: 5. Driving position (100% fuel dosage)
Please don't burn the clutch.

SM03/04


The brake operation is the same as with electric locos with the H14K1 valve.
  1. Turn on the battery j, oil pump Shift + f and the engine m. Increase it's speed on the neutral gear to heat the engine up and to power the compressor.
  2. When the compressor supplies enough pressure (0.5MPa), the brake pipe has to be filled and the brakes can be released.
  3. Set the direction of travel (d - forward, r - backward).
  4. Shift into 1st gear - Num /.
  5. Give it some gas (Num +), loco should start moving.
  6. When the engine reaches maximal revs you can shift into the next gear (in between the gears, are clutches). Repeat the operation until the final, 4th gear is reached.
  7. To stop, cut the gas (Num -), go into neutral gear (Num *) and brake according to the instructions.


DRIVING THE TROLLEYS


'Machajka' (Hand-pumped trolley)


  1. The tractive effort is created by cyclically moving the big lever away from yourself Num + and when it the furthest from you, towards yourself Num -.
  2. We brake by holding the lever in one position or by the use of a hand brake Ctrl + Num 1 (release Ctrl + Num 7)

Dl-2


  1. Set the direction of travel  d - forward, r - backward.
  2. Turn on the engine m. (long start-up sequence, hold for >10s or it will die, for first 5 sec nothing will happen)
  3. Give it some gas Num + or the engine will shut down. Let it idle for a long moment.
  4. Shift it into gear Num /. Trolley moves. Has eight levels of power/gas (Num + Num -) and four gears (including the neutral Num / Num *)
  5. Brake with the hand brake Ctrl + num1 (release Ctrl + num7)

WMB10


Start-up and take-off
  1. Battery on, j
  2. Start the engine m
  3. Give it some power,Num +, so that the compressor could pump the air.
  4. Right side of the 5th gauge (with two dials, and the white background), indicates the pressure in the main reservoir. We pump, until we're in the middle of the green zone, so over 5 bar.
  5. Due to the lack of the train brake on this vehicle, we have to place the brake handle once in the Running position, Num 6 and from now on we don't touch any of the braking keys except for Num 7 & Num 1!!
  6. Left side of the 5th gauge should show 0.5MPa, if it doesn't, then we get out of the cab, F4, and release the brakes from the outside, Num 4.
  7. Turn off the parking brake, using the button on the right-hand side, in the second row, labeled "H.P."
  8. Let the accelarator pedal go, set the reverser d or r, put it in the 1st gear, Num /, and continue giving it power, until the engine reaches 2500rpm, when we throw it into a higher gear, Num / and so on...

Braking
__________________

Maybe now you thought to yourself:
"Hm. Very well. I know how to control locos and EMUs. I know how to start and stop, but I don't know when. How do you know how fast to go, when to start braking etc.?"

While driving, it is very important to observe the signals, signs and the timetable. To know what each signal aspect means, please familiarise yourself with the Ie-1 instruction manual, which applies on the PKP PLK (Polish mainline railway Infrastructure Manager) network. It is located in the: przepisy_kolejowe/ie-1.pdf [POLISH ONLY].
For a 'brief' English description of the signal aspects, please go to This Wikipedia article


Description author: ET22_RULZ.
Updates and modifications: libertyn89, adsim, Maciej, macius5991.
Author of the driving description for SM03/04: szogun

ET22-2000 control instruction: Maciej "youBy" Cierniak. Fixes: Michał "mKaczy" Massel.
ET42 control instruction: szogun.
English Translation: kolejarz2009